In an attempt to curb speculative trading, the exchanges move stocks to the “Trade to Trade”, “T2T” or “T” segment. The NSE and the BSE, do this in consultation with the Securities Exchange board of India (SEBI).
The move is a part of preventive surveillance measures taken by the exchanges to safeguard the interest of investors.
Criteria for Shifting Scrips to ‘Trade to Trade’ segment
- The criteria for shifting scrips to/from Trade for Trade segment are decided jointly by the stock exchanges in consultation with SEBI.
- This criteria is listed on their respective websites and reviewed periodically.
- As on the review date, the security should have been in the 5% price filter band for at least 22 trading days. If a scrip does not meet this criteria, it cannot be moved to the “T” segment.
Impact on Trading
- In this segment, no speculative / intraday trading is allowed.
- Delivery of shares and payment of the consideration amount are mandatory.
- Each trade has to result in a delivery, even if you have bought and sold the shares during the same settlement cycle.
- To sum up, in the ‘T2T’ segment :-
- If you buy shares, you have to pay the money and take delivery.
- If you sell shares, you have to give the delivery of shares and you will get the money.
- No netting off is allowed, which means, if you buy today and and also sell today, the sell position will go in to auction, as you will not be able to give delivery, and you will have to pay a very heavy penalty.
Should one invest in stocks in ‘T2T’ segment or stay away ?
- It must be understood by traders, that because of the points listed above, the volume in these scrips is therefore all delivery volume, which is in fact a good measure of ‘true interest’ activity, to some extent.
- A high delivery volume could mean that a large number of investors are willing to buy and hold the scrip.
- The “T2T’ segment is not the worst segment for a scrip to be in. In fact you are protected with regards to price movement and complete speculation.
- The ‘Z’ group and not the ‘”T2T’ group is the worst, and the one to be avoided. This was introduced by BSE in July 1999 and includes companies which have failed to comply with the listing requirements or have failed to resolve investor complaints or have not made the required arrangements with the depositories for demat of their securities.